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Kenyan Weather: What's the Current Situation?

Kenya, a country located along the equator in East Africa, experiences a diverse range of weather patterns due to its varied topography. The weather conditions in Kenya vary significantly based on the region, with distinct features in different parts of the country.

General Weather Patterns

Most regions in Kenya enjoy abundant sunshine during the day, followed by cool temperatures at night. The coldest months are July and August, while the hottest months fall between January and March.

Kenya witnesses two primary rainy seasons annually. The long rains typically commence in March and extend through June. Short rain showers occur from October to December.

Coastal Region Weather

The coastal areas, encompassing cities like Mombasa and Malindi, maintain a tropical climate characterized by high humidity and elevated temperatures throughout the year. 


Coastal Region

Maximum Temperature

86°F (30°C)

Minimum Temperature

72°F (22°C)


Hot and Humid

Influencing Factor

Indian Ocean

Tourist Attraction

Sandy Beaches, Warm Waters

Average Annual Rainfall


The pleasant coastal climate makes these areas popular tourist destinations. Tourists from around the world flock to the sandy beaches of Mombasa to bask in the warm waters of the Indian Ocean. The annual rainfall in this region averages around 1,050mm.

Kenya Highlands Weather

The Kenyan highlands, including the Lake Victoria basin, receive the heaviest rainfall in the country. Annual rainfall ranges between 1,740mm and 1,940mm. 



Kenya Highlands

Annual Rainfall

1,740mm to 1,940mm

January Temperature

14°C to 34°C

July Temperature

14°C to 30°C

Notable Feature

Lake Victoria Basin

Primary Activity

Fishing, Luo Community

Around Lake Victoria, the Luo people predominantly engage in fishing for their livelihood, relying on the lake's resources for sustenance.

Low Plateau Weather

The low plateau region in Kenya is notably arid, receiving the least annual rainfall of about 320mm. 



Low Plateau Region

Annual Rainfall


January Temperature

66°F to 99°F (19°C to 37°C)

July Temperature

66°F to 93°F (19°C to 34°C)


Dry and Arid


Relief Food due to Drought

Economic Impact

Limited Agricultural Output

The people of this region often rely on outside assistance, as extended droughts can severely impact their access to food and water.

Nairobi Weather

Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya situated in the temperate highlands, enjoys a more moderate climate compared to other regions. This bustling city is a hub for business and tourism. Nairobi offers visitors a chance to immerse themselves in local culture, history, and cuisine while experiencing the city's diverse atmosphere.



Annual Rainfall


January Temperature

9°C to 29°C

July Temperature

7°C to 26°C


Temperate Highlands

City Description

Capital, Business Hub

Tourist Attractions

Cultural, Historical Sites, Local Cuisine

The city receives an annual average rainfall of around 790mm. In January, temperatures range from 9°C to 29°C, and in July, temperatures range from 7°C to 26°C.

Conclusion: Weather and Economic Opportunities

Kenya's weather diversity and geographical variations present a range of economic opportunities. While the government faces challenges related to effectively managing water resources and addressing flooding, these weather patterns can be harnessed to enhance the economy.

  • Weather Diversity: Kenya's diverse weather patterns, ranging from coastal humidity to highland temperate climates, offer a unique canvas for various economic activities.
  • Tourism Potential: The coastal regions, with their warm waters and sandy beaches, attract tourists year-round, boosting the tourism sector and providing business opportunities.
  • Agricultural Prospects: The fertile highlands, such as the Lake Victoria basin, provide an ideal environment for agriculture, especially for communities like the Luo people engaged in fishing.
  • Investment Opportunities: The country's varied climate and geography make it suitable for multiple industries, including agriculture, manufacturing, and services.
  • Water Management Challenges: While the weather can be harnessed for economic growth, the government faces the challenge of managing water resources efficiently, particularly in addressing flooding and directing excess water to arid areas.
  • Sustainable Development: By capitalizing on weather conditions and sustainable practices, Kenya can work towards a balanced approach to development that benefits both its citizens and the environment.
  • Global Attractiveness: Kenya's climate diversity, combined with its cultural heritage and natural beauty, positions it as an attractive destination for both local and international investors.

From tourism to agriculture and industry, Kenya's climate and landscape offer a canvas for various investments and endeavors. By capitalizing on the distinct attributes of each region, Kenya can continue to attract a diverse array of investors and businesses, contributing to its growth and development.

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